Nested in the Eastern coal fields of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, Pike County was established in the year 1821; it was created out of a portion of Floyd County as the 70th county formed in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Pike County was named in honor of General Zebulon M. Pike and is home to former Governor Paul Patton. A small portion of Pike County was used in 1870, towards forming Martin County to the north. Pike County is the easternmost county in Kentucky and is bounded by Martin County to the North, West Virginia to the Northeast and East, Virginia to the Southeast and South, by Letcher County to the Southwest and by Floyd County to the West. Pike County is drained exclusively by the two forks of the Big Sandy River the Levisa River and the Tug Fork River.